Posts for: September, 2018
Custom orthotics are removable shoe inserts that provide greater arch support and stability to the feet and ankles. There are different types of orthotics available depending on the issue and level of support that is needed. Basic orthotics are sold over the counter, but a custom pair designed specifically for your foot will provide optimal support and comfort.
When are Custom Orthotics Necessary?
Podiatrists typically recommend custom orthotics for people with flat feet, or very high arches. One of the most common signs that you may benefit from a pair of orthotics is heel pain (although you may also experience pain and swelling in other parts of the foot). You may also experience pain and swelling after normal and relatively low impact activities like standing or walking.
A good way to figure out if you are having pronation issues is to examine the soles of your shoes and sneakers. If the soles and insoles tend to become visibly more worn on one side, it may be a sign that your alignment is off and you are over or under pronating. A podiatrist may ask you to walk in your bare feet to observe your stride and gait (known as a gait analysis). If you experience persistent pain, swelling, or stiffness, especially after exercise or after long periods of rest, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.
Types of Custom Orthotics
There are a few different types of custom orthotics designs available depending on your needs.
Functional (also known as rigid) orthotics are made of harder materials and are usually prescribed for pronation problems or joint issues like arthritis.
Accommodative orthotics are designed to provide more cushioning and support and are typically prescribed for problems like plantar fasciitis and bunions.
In addition to improving your gait and foot and ankle alignment, custom orthotics can help to prevent related strains and injuries and relieve back, joint, and knee pain if it is caused by issues with your arches and pronation.
Ankle sprains are fairly common and can happen while playing a sport like basketball or while out on a run, or even during every day activities like twisting your ankle while getting out of a car or walking down the sidewalk. Dr. Humaira Syed, a podiatrist serving Fort Lee, Clifton, and Wayne, NJ, offers both non-invasive and surgical treatment for a number of foot and ankle injuries.
Ankle Sprain Treatment in Fort Lee, Clifton, and Wayne, NJ
Ankle sprains can range from mild to severe depending on the force applied when you twist your ankle and whether there are any resulting tears to any of the bands of tissue that stabilize and attach to the ankle. The most common signs and symptoms of an ankle sprain include:
- Pain and tenderness when you touch or apply pressure to the injured ankle
- A popping or cracking sound at the time of the injury
- Ankle instability
- Bruising and swelling
- Limited range of motion/difficulty rotating the ankle
There are a few risk factors that can increase your risk of spraining your ankle during exercise or physical activity:
- Play sports that involve jumping, running and stopping or changing direction frequently, or playing on an uneven surface. Ankle sprains are most common in tennis, basketball, baseball, football, and soccer
- Weak ankles or previous ankle injuries
- Wearing shoes with insufficient support to the feet and ankles or don't fit (speak to your podiatrist about orthotics if you have flat feet or low arches)
- Excessive weight or lack of strength training and toning
In most cases, mild to moderate ankle sprains can be treated conservatively with a combination of rest, ice, physical therapy, medication and compression depending on the severity and symptoms. If an ankle sprain is severe and results in torn tissue or bone fracture, surgery may be an option to stabilize the ankle and ensure that it heals properly.
Find a Podiatrist in Fort Lee, Clifton, and Wayne, NJ
For more information about your treatment options for ankle sprains and other foot and ankle injuries and conditions, contact REDS Ankle & Foot Associates by calling (973) 692-1111 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Syed today.