Posts for tag: Foot Pain
Custom orthotics are removable shoe inserts that provide greater arch support and stability to the feet and ankles. There are different types of orthotics available depending on the issue and level of support that is needed. Basic orthotics are sold over the counter, but a custom pair designed specifically for your foot will provide optimal support and comfort.
When are Custom Orthotics Necessary?
Podiatrists typically recommend custom orthotics for people with flat feet, or very high arches. One of the most common signs that you may benefit from a pair of orthotics is heel pain (although you may also experience pain and swelling in other parts of the foot). You may also experience pain and swelling after normal and relatively low impact activities like standing or walking.
A good way to figure out if you are having pronation issues is to examine the soles of your shoes and sneakers. If the soles and insoles tend to become visibly more worn on one side, it may be a sign that your alignment is off and you are over or under pronating. A podiatrist may ask you to walk in your bare feet to observe your stride and gait (known as a gait analysis). If you experience persistent pain, swelling, or stiffness, especially after exercise or after long periods of rest, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.
Types of Custom Orthotics
There are a few different types of custom orthotics designs available depending on your needs.
Functional (also known as rigid) orthotics are made of harder materials and are usually prescribed for pronation problems or joint issues like arthritis.
Accommodative orthotics are designed to provide more cushioning and support and are typically prescribed for problems like plantar fasciitis and bunions.
In addition to improving your gait and foot and ankle alignment, custom orthotics can help to prevent related strains and injuries and relieve back, joint, and knee pain if it is caused by issues with your arches and pronation.
According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, roughly 15 percent of foot conditions that must be treated by a podiatrist are caused by plantar fasciitis. If you are familiar with the symptoms of plantar fasciitis, take immediate action to have the problem treated by your Clifton, Fort Lee, and Wayne, NJ, podiatrist. It’s a problem that can get progressively worse with time without necessary therapies.
Plantar Fasciitis Causes
The plantar fascia is a long band of connective tissue that runs below the foot. It attaches the toe bone to the heel bone. It can stretch and become inflamed due to frequent participation in physical activities, like running. Patients who are carrying extra weight are also at a higher risk of plantar fasciitis symptoms. A study published in the Medical Clinics of North America found that obesity plays a role in 70 percent of cases. Some people are born with feet that are poorly structured and prone to plantar fascia injuries.
Plantar Fasciitis Signs and Symptoms
One sign of a potential case of plantar fasciitis is flat feet. There should be an arch at the inside center of each foot. If that arch isn’t there, it may mean that the plantar fascia is stretched out. Other symptoms include:
- Foot or heel pain that reduces your activity level.
- Heel spurs (bony growths under the heel bone).
- Swelling or a throbbing sensation below the heel and beneath the feet.
The plantar fascia ligament can be successfully repaired in many cases with a proper diagnosis and consistent therapy. These are some of the treatments that your Clifton, Fort Lee, and Wayne podiatrist may use to improve the condition of your feet:
- Stretching exercises that help relieve pain.
- Modifications to your shoes and activities.
- Oral medication or injection therapy (corticosteroid injections).
- Night splinting, padding, and custom orthotics.
- A surgical procedure when other non-invasive methods don’t provide results.
The Way to Better Feet
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most diagnosed foot problems in podiatry. If you want to hit the ground running with healthier feet, call (973) 692-1111 today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Humaira Syed. She is an experienced podiatrist who is proud to serve patients at Reds Ankle & Foot Associates, with locations in Clifton, Fort Lee, and Wayne, NJ.