My Blog
By DR. HUMAIRA SYED
December 07, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Sesamoid   Sesamoiditis  

What is Sesamoiditis?

Sesamoids are small bones that are only connected to tendons or surrounded in muscle. This only appears in a few places in the body, one of which is the foot. Two very tiny sesamoids are found in the underside of the foot near the big toe. One is on the outer side of the foot and the other bone is close to the middle of the foot. This structure provides a smooth surface for the tendons to slide over, which helps the tendons move muscles. They help with weight bearing and also help to elevate the bones of the big toe. So now that you know what sesamoids are, you might be wondering what sesamoiditis is and what its symptoms are.

Sesamoiditis

Just like any other bone, sesamoids can unfortunately fracture. The tendons surrounding the sesamoids may also become irritated or inflamed and this is what sesamoiditis is. Sesamoiditis is also a form of tendonitis and is a common condition among ballerinas, runners, and baseball catchers due to the pressure that is constantly placed on their feet.

Symptoms of Sesamoiditis

Symptoms of Sesamoiditis may include:

  • Pain under the big toe or ball of the foot
  • Swelling and/or bruising
  • Difficulty in bending and straightening the big toe

Treating Sesamoiditis

Treatments include:

  • Resting and stopping any activity that could be causing pain and inflammation
  • Anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen and aspirin only after consulting your physician
  • Icing the sole of the foot
  • Wearing soft-soled and low-heeled shoes
  • Cushioning inserts in the shoes

If symptoms persist after treatments, you may need to wear a removable brace for 4-6 weeks to help the bones heal. Call your podiatrist today to ask any questions about sesamoiditis and get on your way to pain-free feet once again!

By DR. HUMAIRA SYED
November 16, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Ingrown Toenail  

Ingrown toenails may begin mildly but can quickly go from bad to worse. This frustrating and painful condition can affect anyone and cause significant issues. Unlike other foot-related conditions, which are often due to genetics or underlying conditions, ingrown toenails are almost always preventable and often come from lifestyle choices like the type of shoes you wear or the way you trim your toenails.

Do I have an ingrown toenail?

Ingrown toenails are easy to spot if you know what to look for. The nail begins to grow inward, curling in on one or both sides of the toenail and digging into the skin. An ingrown nail may begin with mild pain and discomfort and end up advancing quickly, producing symptoms like severe pain, difficulty walking, or even infection — which produces its own set of symptoms such as pus drainage or fever.

How can I prevent an ingrown toenail?

Preventing an ingrown toenail often boils down to the way you trim your nails and care for your feet. Always cut the nail straight across the top and never round off the corners to ensure that the nail grows straight. Wearing too-tight or narrow shoes which place pressure onto the toe can also contribute an ingrown toenail. Additionally, always keep your feet dry and clean and wear fresh socks daily.

Treating Ingrown Toenails

There are home remedies that may help stop the pain caused by ingrown toenails, such as soaking the foot in a warm foot bath and wearing better fitting footwear. Your podiatrist may be able to prescribe antibiotics to help avoid infection. In some cases, surgery by your podiatrist may be necessary. It's important to consult your doctor to see which method is best for you.

If you think you have an ingrown toenail or need help learning to better prevent them, a podiatrist can help you determine the best plan to healthier feet. Consulting with your foot doctor at regular foot examinations can help ensure that your feet stay healthy and pain-free for years to come.

By DR. HUMAIRA SYED
November 01, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Toenail Fungus  

Treating toenail fungus

Toenail fungus--it's one of the most common podiatric problems children, teens, and adults have. Causing thickened, yellow, brittle nails, onychomycosis (the medical name for toenail fungus) spreads easily and can be stubborn to treat. If you see one or more of your toenails changing shape, color, and texture, see your foot doctor right away. They have the expertise and treatments to give you ten clear toenails once again.

How toenail fungus starts

The micro-organism thrives in dark, moist environments--sweaty socks and sneakers being prime candidates. Additionally, shared towels, nail clippers, shower room floors, and pool decks breed toenail and Athlete's Foot fungus. In fact, if you suffer periodic outbreaks of itchy, uncomfortable Athlete's Foot, you're more prone to onychomycosis, says the American Academy of Dermatology.

Conquering toenail fungus

Your foot doctor sees scores of patients with toenail fungus. Visual inspection is the main diagnostic tool, and for mild cases of onychomycosis, the podiatrist may recommend creams or ointments applied topically. Oral medications are an option as well.

Additionally, modern podiatry offers innovative laser treatments which kill the micro-organism right where it lives. Painless and very effective, laser treatments are applied to all ten toenails to prevent re-infection.

Unfortunately, toenail fungal infections can become quite severe and spread to the nail bed. When infection is severe, the podiatrist may advise complete removal of the toenail to prevent further problems.

Prevention is best

Of course, if you can avoid toenail fungus, your feet and nails will look and feel their best, and you won't be embarrassed to wear open-toed shoes or sandals in the warm weather. However, some people are more prone to this common infection--diabetics, those with poor peripheral circulation and individuals who are immunosuppressed.

Regardless, your podiatrist recommends these preventive measures for healthy, fungus-free nails:

  1. Wash your feet with soap and water daily, and dry them with a clean towel.
  2. Clip your toenails straight across with a clean clippers.
  3. Wear clean socks daily.
  4. Change your gym shoes after a workout. In fact, alternate pairs if possible, letting your footwear dry out between wearings.
  5. Wear flip-flops or shower sandals in the locker room and poolside, too.
Look after those feet and nails
 
They're the only ones you have. For ongoing care of your feet and ankles, see your foot doctor each year for a routine examination. He or she will get to know you and your podiatric health needs well so you stay active and feel great.
By DR. HUMAIRA SYED
October 29, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Heel Pain  

Does your heel hurt? Although heel pain affects millions of people every year, a podiatrist can help you achieve relief with little expense or trouble. Dr. Humaira Syed of Reds Ankle & Foot Associates (with offices in Fort Lee, Wayne, and Clifton, NJ) offers treatments for heel pain; read on to learn about its common causes and treatments!

Causes of Heel Pain 

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes, and can result from poor arch support. It causes a stabbing pain on the bottom of the heel, which is usually worst in the morning. Plantar fasciitis can also cause stiffness and limited range of motion, making actions such as climbing stairs more difficult.

Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury related to the band of tissue that connects your heel bone to your calf muscles. Symptoms include pain or inflammation in the back of your heel. Walking or excessive exercise commonly causes achilles tendinitis. If this foot condition grows worse, your tendon can tear, so if you think you may have it, you should see a doctor; you may need medicine or surgery to relieve your discomfort. 

Heel spurs are bony outgrowths on the heel bone. They often start in the front of the heel and eventually affect other parts of the foot. Heel spurs can cause heel discomfort and can make it difficult to stand, walk, or exercise. Heel spurs are common among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. 

A stress fracture is severe bruising within a bone or a crack in a bone. Most stress fractures are caused by repetitive activity and overuse. Stress fractures are common in people who participate in running sports. The symptoms of stress fractures include pain and inflammation.

Treatments for Heel Pain

Podiatrist-prescribed orthotic devices are one of the best ways to treat heel pain. Orthotic devices are cushioned inserts or foot pads that are placed into shoes. Orthotic devices provide cushioning and arch support for added shock absorption. Studies show that podiatrist-prescribed orthotic devices improve function and relieve heel pain.

Cortisone injections also offer quick relief for heel pain. Cortisone is a type of steroid and it is used to ease pain and swelling in specific areas of the body, generally for a couple of months. You can get cortisone shots at your podiatrist's office. 

Podiatrists prescribe stretching exercises for various foot ailments. Stretching exercises are an important adjunct to therapy for many foot conditions, such as plantar fasciitis, foot pain, and Achilles tendonitis. Studies show that stretching exercises decrease foot pain, increase flexibility, improve function, and reduce inflammation. 

Night splints can help relieve heel discomfort. They work by holding the feet in a neutral position while you sleep to provide a gentle stretch to the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. This helps to reduce muscle contracture, discomfort, and swelling. You can wear a splint every night for several months before gradually reducing how often you wear it as symptoms disappear.

Interested? Call One of Our Offices in Fort Lee, Wayne, and Clifton, NJ, Today!

Whether your goal is getting back to the gym, work, hobbies, or just enjoying life, our podiatrist can help. Don't wait—call Reds Ankle & Foot Associates at (973) 692-1111 to schedule a consultation in Fort Lee, NJ, Wayne, NJ, or Clifton, NJ. Our heel pain treatments will ease your pain and help you get back to a happy and healthy life!

By DR. HUMAIRA SYED
October 19, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Warts  

What Causes Warts?

Got foot warts? Nearly everyone will have a wart at some point in their lives. Warts are typically small, hard skin growths caused by an infection with humanpallilloma virus. Foot warts are treatable. Foot warts are among the most common dermatologic conditions podiatrists treat. Read on to learn about the causes of warts.

An HPV Infection

Common warts are caused by by an HPV infection. Over 100 types of HPV exist. Certain types of HPV infection cause cervical cancer. Some types of HPV infection cause foot warts, while others cause warts that appear on the face, neck, or hands. Of the 100 types of HPV, about 60 cause common warts on areas such as the hands or feet.

Skin-To-Skin Contact

Wart viruses are contagious. You can get foot warts from skin-to-skin contact with people who have warts. However, not all HPV strains are highly contagious. You can get the wart virus by touching an object that another person's wart touched, such as clothing, towels, shoes, or exercise equipment.


Breaks in Your Skin

HPV infects the top layer of skin and usually enters the body in an area of damaged or cut skin. Cuts from shaving can provide an avenue for infection. Getting a scrape can also bring on common warts. Foot warts are very common in swimmers whose feet are scratched by rough pool surfaces.

A Weak Immune System

In most cases, your immune system defeats an HPV infection before it creates a wart. Someone with a weakened immune system is more vulnerable and therefore more likely to develop warts. Immune systems can be weakened by HIV or by immunosuppressant drugs used after organ transplants.


If you want to get rid of foot warts, see your podiatrist as soon as possible. Many types of effective wart treatments are available. They include salicylic acid, cantharidin, cryotherapy, laser treatment, and surgery. Your podiatrist can help you get rid of foot warts once and for all!





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